Modelling of Teaching for Pre-School Children with Mental Retardation

Olga Shapko

Cite: Olga Shapko. Modelling of Teaching for Pre-School Children with Mental Retardation. Journal of Digital Art & Humanities, Vol.2, Iss.1, pp. 29-38.

Abstract. The article discusses the experience of using models in remedial work with children with mental retardation of preschool age in kindergarten conditions. Examples of outlines of lessons with this category of preschool children 6-7 years old are offered. The reactions of children to the introduction of models are illustrated. The aim of the article is to show that models are an effective technique for children with mental retardation to perceive cognitive material, because they stimulate children to independent voluntary purposeful activity. This is facilitated by the model algorithm, which includes generalized images that are familiar to children and do not cause them difficulties. We have taken into account that for children with mental retardation the operation “comparison” is one of the difficult ones, but through it the relations between objects and phenomena of the external world are learned. Comparison therefore plays an important role in cognition Comparison helps to generalise and systematise knowledge. The process of comparison is a necessary condition for generalisation. The model can help children with mental retardation to find similarities between objects, which for them is rather more difficult than finding differences.

Keywords: mental retardation; pre-school age; model (schema).


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Published online 26.06.2021